Emotional Effects
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Anxiety and Mood Swings

Faiq Shaikh, M.D.
Anxiety and Mood Swings

"Mood swings" has often been an incorrectly used term. People talk about those that are emotional as though they have mood swings when it truth their emotions are perfectly normal reactions to life events. Someone that cries often or someone that's angry isn't necessarily suffering from a "swing" simply because they have a strong emotion. They just have stronger emotions.

True mood swings occur when you can go from happy to sad in a moment, without anything apparently triggering it. Unfortunately, many people with anxiety suffer from extreme mood swings as a response to their anxiety symptoms.

Causes of Mood Swings From Anxiety

Mood swings are one of those symptoms that may be a symptom of anxiety directly, or they may be a symptom of symptoms - in other words, for some people, other symptoms of anxiety cause so much distress that they cause mood swings, rather than the anxiety itself leading to mood swings.

This is common in those with more severe symptoms, that find that while their symptoms essentially cause them to become more emotional, which in turn leads to mood swings. 

All emotional swings and reactions can be hard to diagnose and may have any variety of possible causes. The most likely include:

Hormones and Neurotransmitters

The main causes of mood swings are your hormones and neurotransmitters. Anxiety may be a mental health condition, and it may be something forged over years of experiences, but it also changes the way your body works. It reduces hormone balance and often changes neurotransmitter (brain chemical) production.

Your brain and body chemistry affects the way you think and the way you react and can make you both more emotional and more prone to rapid negative emotions. People like to believe that their thoughts and feelings are always rational and justified. But when your neurotransmitters are out of balance, it alters the way messages are sent and can cause you to have severe mood swings.

The main neurotransmitters involved are:

The same is true with hormones, as several different types of hormones can cause the body and mind to "feel" differently than it would if these were in balance. No matter what causes your anxiety, the more these are out of balance, the worse your mood swings may be.

Mental Fatigue

Anxiety can also be incredibly tiring. So much so, in fact, that some people are simply unable to handle it anymore to the point where they become incredibly stressed every time they feel anxious and are rarely able to contain their discomfort.

This doesn't have a proper term, but it can best be described as "mental fatigue." You become essentially so tired of dealing with anxiety that you start to become emotional at the slightest hint of anxiety symptoms.

It's very common for those with panic attacks. Some people with panic attacks get genuinely depressed and emotional every time they have an attack because they become so debilitated from dealing with them. 

Fear

Anxiety also creates fear, and fear itself is a powerful emotion. When you encounter a fearful thought or a fear-inducing problem, the more afraid you are, the more you are emotional as a response to that fear.

Once you experience a heavy emotion, it's possible to experience others - especially when those emotions are so negative. It's not unlikely to find that your fear was so pronounced that you ultimately become more prone to sadness, anger, etc. as a result.

Other Causes of Mood Swings

Anxiety is something that changes your lifestyle a great deal. It may be harder to go out, or harder to socialize with friends. Life simply becomes more difficult, and the more difficult life is, the more it's possible that your coping system (your friends, your happiness, etc.) breaks down with it.

Coping is a mental skill and one that often struggles when you have anxiety. The more it breaks down, the more likely you are going to have emotional twists and turns.

Finally, it's also possible that your mood swings have nothing to do with anxiety at all, but dealing with anxiety regularly triggers them more often than you used to deal with during life. Not everything is caused by anxiety directly, but often anxiety brings out some of the emotional issues that people have already struggled with.

How to Control Anxiety Mood Swings

Emotions can be very hard to control on their own. Emotions are by their very nature somewhat irrational. Emotions can make you feel and think things that are disproportionate to the situation.

Because emotions can be difficult to stop, the best thing you can do is minimize your reaction to them. You can do this through techniques that force you to acknowledge the way you are feeling and how you are reacting. For example:

All of these can help you control your mood swings, but they're unlikely to be enough if you don't also learn to control your anxiety since only controlling your anxiety can help your body regulate your hormones and neurotransmitters and restore your ability to cope with stress.

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